Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah
My dear Muslim brothers and sisters, some false principles regarding establishing Tabdee’ were put forward by Abu Hakeem Bilal Davies, may Allah guide him and us, which is in reality a re-establishment of the Usool (principles) of Faalih Al Harbi. He postulates, without any fear or reservation, that when a scholar makes Tabdee’ (calling someone an innovator) upon an individual that evidences should not be requested. Furthermore, he goes on to accuse those who request evidence of the following:
- Having an evil intent
- Following the methodology of Abu Hasan Al Ma’ribi
- Destroying the status of the people of knowledge. (see: https://ah-sp.com/2017/08/22/doubts-around-the-dawah-part-2/
This is similar this to the statements of Faalih Al Harbi who said, after being asked if clarifying the reasons for Jarh (disparagement) is a condition for its acceptance:
It is not a condition (asking for evidences). This is regarding the reasons for Jarh Wa Ta’deel (disparagement and appraisal) in narrating and this does not enter into speaking about those who deviate in their methodology and their way.
It was said to him afterward : Because they say that a Shaikh may be disparaged for what isn’t taken into consideration as a Jarh by other than him.He then stated:
No, no, this is from their principles and I seek refuge in Allah. This is an oppressive principle that is innovated and led the Ummah astray.
With the intention to be as brief as possible I will simply mention an excerpt from the advice of Sh. Rabee’ to Faalih Al Harbi which shows the falsehood of Abu Hakeem’s principle. Shaikh Rabee’ said after citing the aforementioned statements of Faalih Al Harbi:
Verily you were asked regarding specific individuals who are known to the people for Salafeeyah and Da’wah toward it. From them are scholars according to the people and you have removed them from Salafeeyah, and this removal is a severe Jarh (disparagement) which is in need of evidence. If you don’t come with evidence and reasons for this Jarh the people would think that you have oppressed them, transgressed upon them and spoke about their religion without any right. Therefore you would become accused in front of the people and would need to distance your religion and honour from this.
If you don’t do so the people would speak ill of you and neither yourself nor others would be pleased with such speech. Therefore trials and separation between the Salafis and accusations between groups would become common. And this wouldn’t stop until the reasons for this removal (from Salafeeyah) are presented and even you would request the reasons if someone disparaged you or removed you from Salafeeyah.
If there is a Jarh Mubham (unexplained criticism) and a Ta’deel (appraisal) then the strongest opinion is that it is an obligation to explain that Jarh Mubham. And being known regarding the religion, Sunnah, Salafeeyah and Da’wah is stronger than a Ta’deel that comes from one or two scholars.
And speech regarding those who have deviated in their methodology and what they traverse upon is from the most important matters that enter into the issue of disparagement because there is a binding factor between individuals and their methodology. Therefore those who speak ill of the methodology of a person speaks ill of him.
And for this reason you see that the Salaf present the evidences showing the misguidance of the people of innovation and the deviance of their methodology. And they have books which can’t be enumerated. And some of them shall be mentioned and I have the opinion that there is no issue in mentioning the speech of the people of knowledge regarding the condition of explaining the Jarh Mubham and the rejecting of some of the Jarh (of the scholars). So I say:
Ibn Salaah said that the strongest opinion is that the Ta‘deel is accepted without clarifying the reason.
As for Jarh, it is not accepted unless it is explained and the reasons are clear. This is because people differ regarding the reasons in what would be deemed an acceptable Jarh and that which would be unacceptable. And it has been relayed from Al Khateeb Al Baghdaadi (the famous scholar oh Hadeeth) that it is the Madhab (path) of the Imams of Hadeeth and its criticizers the likes of Imam Al Bukhari , Muslim and other than them. For this reason Bukhari narrated from a group who had been disparaged like ‘Ikrimah the Maula of Ibn Abbas and he (Ibn Salaah) mentioned others. Then he said: And Muslim narrated from Suwaid Ibn Sa’eed and a group who were known to have been disparaged and Abu Dawood As Sijistani did the same. And this demonstrates that they had the opinion that Jarh is not accepted unless its reasons have been explained...
[Excerpt from the book: Naseehah Al Akhaweeyah Ela Al Akh Shaikh Faalih Al Harbi: 1-2]
As for the accusation that asking for evidences regarding Tabdee’ is the Madhab of Ma’ribi Sh Rabee’ said to Faalih:
Yes the Da’wah of Abi Hasan toward not blind-following the scholars it was a statement of truth wanting by it falsehood. He wanted by it to belittle the scholars and their statements and rulings that came with evidences and clarity...[Ibid:20]
This has been further clarified in my e-book: Who are the extremists? (من هم الغلاة) and all praise is due to Allah. Furthermore, I would like to ask two simple questions to Abu Hakeem Bilal Davies and affiliates:
When scholars such as Shaikh Waseeyullah Al ‘Abbas and Shaikh Saalih As Suhaimi disparaged you and Abu Khadeejah should the Salafis:
- Ask for evidences and do research regarding the matter? Or..
- Accept their statements automatically?
و صلى الله على نبينا محمد و على اله و صحبه و سلم