In the previous post it was established that the major signs of the Khawarij are that they make Takfeer (calling Muslims disbelievers) for major sins and they revolt against the Muslim rulers as part of their belief. Now this begs the question as to whether or not Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab deserves such a label!
So the first matter is making Takfeer for major sins:
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab said in his letter to the people of Qaseem: “And I don’t pronounce Takfeer because of sins.”
‘Abdur Rahman Ibn Hasan (the writer of Fath Ul Majeed) said: “… verily the Madhab (way) of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah is not to make Takfeer because of sins…” (Taqreeraat Aimah Ad Da’wah: 33)
Shaikh Abdullah Bin Abdir Rahmaan Aba Butain said: “And they (the Khawarij) have used generalities in Takfeer because of sins and they have erred in this.” (Ibid: 34)
Shaikh Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab said: “And pronouncing Takfeer because of sin is the way of the Khawarij; those who have ripped Islam apart (caused great separation and havoc) and have made the blood of the Muslims lawful because of sins…” (Ibid: 347)
Hence it is clear that Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab, his descendants and the scholars who followed his path do NOT call a Muslim a disbeliever because of major sins.
As for rebellion against a Muslim ruler, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab said in his letter to Qaseem: “And I have the view that it is obligatory to hear and obey the Muslim rulers, whether they are righteous or wicked.”
He also said in Masail Al Jaahileeyah: 3. Opposing the Muslim ruler and disobeying him (according to Jahlihi principles) is a virtue for him. And hearing and obeying is humiliation. However, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) opposed them and ordered that one should have patience under the rule of an oppressive ruler and to listen, obey and advise him.” (Majmuu’ah At Tawheed: 126)
These are some of many quotes that can be written. However, I didn’t want to burden the reader as I perceive that two or three quotes to prove that Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab is distant from the Madhab of the Khawarij is sufficient.
One may ask about the origin of such blatantly erroneous accusations and as to why people continue to spread it. The answer is as follows:
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab made Takfeer of those who committed Shirk with Allah and many of those who ascribed themselves to Islam and scholarship were guilty of committing actions of Shirk such as seeking aid from the dead. Hence, because many of those who ascribed to Islam and scholarship wanted to continue to adhere to these practices of worship which are foreign to Islam they accused Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab of being one of the Khawarij.
There is a pivotal quote in this juncture that should be written in gold ink as it shows the difference between the ideology of the Khawarij and the ideology of the Prophets and those who follow their way. Shaikh ‘Abdul Lateef Bin Abdir Rahman Bin Hasan Aal Ash Shaikh said:
“The Khawarij called Muslims disbelievers for matters that they thought were sins but were not, (and for matters) that were clear sins that were other than Shirk. As for the Messengers and the followers of the Messengers, they declared as disbelievers those who disbelieved in Allah meaning: (those who disbelieved in) his Lordship, his right in being worshipped, his oneness, his singularity in worship and (he declared as disbelievers) those who made with him partners via supplication, worship, seeking aid, reliance upon it (that which they made with Allah a partner) and they aggrandize it as those of the Arabs and those who committed Shirk from the people of the book did… Therefore the one who makes Takfeer (calling Muslims disbelievers) because of major Shirk from this ideology (the ideology of the Khawarij) has spoken ill of the Messengers and the Ummah and they are unable tell the difference between their religion and the Madhab of the Khawarij. And they have discarded the revealed evidences and have followed a way other than the way of the believers.” (Misbaahul Dhalaam: 126-127)
Another reason is that many are of the perception that Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab rebelled against the Ottoman Empire. This is indeed a false claim as the Sa’uud clan, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab and their followers were in Najd which wasn’t under the jurisdiction of the Ottoman Empire. In other words the Ottoman Empire ruled the majority of the Muslim world however several areas such as Sub-Saharan Africa, Persia, India and South East Asia, Najd etc. were not under their jurisdiction.
Hence, it would indeed be preposterous to claim that Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab rebelled against the Ottoman Empire when the people of Najd weren’t under the control of the aforementioned empire.
To conclude, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab was not from the Khawarij. Rather, that bogus, erratic claim came from those who were and are still enemies of his Da’wah based on their superstitious beliefs and bias.
And Allah knows best.