Topic: Knowledge comes before statements and actions.
In dealing with the doubts presented by Muhammad Hijaab and Bro. Hajji it is a must to clarify important principles regarding knowledge, the people of knowledge and when we should venture in speaking.
Sh. Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab in his treatise called The Three Fundamental Principles said: “Know, may Allah have mercy upon you that it is compulsory for us to learn four issues.
- Knowledge: And it is knowing Allah, knowing the Messenger and knowing the religion of Islam with evidences.
Shaikh Zaid Al Madkhali said: “And what is meant by knowledge is knowledge of the legislation (Sharee’ah). And it is what has come in the book of Allah and the Sunnah of his Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and what which the scholars who nurture the Muslims, from those who adhere to the Salafi ‘Aqeedah and the correct methodology in every aspect of knowledge have clarified.” (Eedaah Thalatha Al Usool 17)
One should not derive from this that the Shaikh has abandoned a fundamental aspect of knowledge which is adherence to the understanding of the Salaf (pious predecessors). Rather, he emphasized that the true scholars of Islam are those who adhere to the understanding of the Salaf and this is general for all eras.
Additionally, Sh. Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab quoted Imam Al Bukhari in saying: “Chapter: Knowledge comes before statements and actions.” And the evidence is: “Know that there is nothing worthy of worship except Allah and then seek forgiveness for thy sins and those of the believing men and women.”
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al Uthaimeen said: “…statements and actions are not deemed to be correct and acceptable until it is in accordance to the legislation, and it is impossible for someone to know that his actions are in accordance to the legislation unless he has knowledge.” (Sharh Thalatha Usool: 28)
The evidences for having knowledge before statements and actions are many. From them Allah ta’ala has said in his book: “Ask those who possess knowledge if you don’t know.” He also said in his noble book: “And do not say that which you have no knowledge about.” He also said: “Verily my Lord has made unlawful vulgar actions which are in open and secret… and to say about Allah that which you don’t know.”
Ibnul Qayyim Al Jawzeeyah said regarding the above verse: “And then he (Allah) brought the fourth category which is the most unlawful in all of this and it is speaking about Allah without knowledge.” (https://tafsir.app/ibn-alqayyim/7/33)
Hence, when speaking about the religion it is a must to have two characteristics:
- It is a must to have knowledge that is taken from the book of Allah, the Sunnah of the Messenger upon the understanding of the pious predecessors.
- Wara’ (caution). Meaning that one should refrain from making any utterance in the religion unless he is 100% certain that what he is saying stands upon evidence and scholarship.
It isn’t befitting that individuals, whose feet haven’t even been firmly established in the fundamentals, give their opinions on various groups, prominent scholars and speak about topics which affect the west in specific and the Ummah in general. Rather, these youths should direct themselves to learning the fundamentals and via their influence direct others toward scholars who are established in their scholarship.
As this series continues, one would see the gaping holes in the statements and arguments presented by the likes of Muhammad Hijab and Bro. Hajji. It would be a means wherein our brothers and sisters may gain clarity and for Bro. Hijab and Hajji to retract that which they have stated In Sha Allah.
May Allah guide us all unto and upon the straight path.