The Relationship between Fiqh and Hadeeth
AUTHOR: Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee
SOURCE: Al-Asaalah Magazine (Issue # 7)
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com
 Question: What is the relationship between the Science of Fiqh and the Science of Hadeeth? And is a Muhaddith required to be a Faqeeh or just a Muhaddith only?
Answer: A Faqeeh is required to be a Muhaddith while a Muhaddith is not required to be a Faqeeh. This is since a Muhaddith is a Faqeeh automatically due to the nature of his condition. Did the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, used to study Fiqh or not? And what was the Fiqh that they used to study? It is that which they used to take from the Messenger of Allaah, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (i.e. the hadeeth). So they were in fact studying the Hadeeth.
As for those Fuqahaa who study the opinions of the scholars and their Fiqh, while not studying the Hadeeth of their Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, who is the source of (all) Fiqh, it must be said to them: “You must study the Science of Hadeeth.” This is since we cannot imagine there being a correct Fiqh without knowledge of the Hadeeth, memorizing them, authenticating them and declaring them weak. And at the same time, we cannot imagine there being a Muhaddith that is not a Faqeeh.
Thus, the Qur’aan and the Sunnah are the source for all of the Fiqh. As for the Fiqh that is commonly known today then it is the Fiqh of the scholars and not the Fiqh of the Book and the Sunnah. Yes, some of it exists in the Book and the Sunnah, but some of it consists purely of opinions and scholarly deductions. However, in much of these (opinions and deductions), there is a contradiction on their part with the hadeeth, for they were not able to encompass all the knowledge of it. [Al-Asaalah, Issue #7]
N.B: One of the Salaf said: “If a scholar of Fiqh is not a scholar of Hadeeth he is a Handicap (in terms of knowledge”.
Also some of the blind-partisans may come and say: The Prophet (Salallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: ” And it is possible that a carrier of Fiqh may not be a Faqeeh, and it is possible that a carrier of Fiqh may give it to one who has more Fiqh than him”.
Shaikh Muqbil Ibn Hadi Al Wadi’ee said: The Prophet (Salallahu alaihi wa sallam) used the word Rubba (it is possible) and in the Arabic language it means that few of the scholars of the scholars of Hadeeth may not be scholars of Fiqh. And this is very rare for we find most of the vast majority of the scholars of Hadeeth being scholars of Fiqh. And as for the scholars of Fiqh, most of them are not scholars of Hadeeth, using spurious narrations to build their argument.